Larchmont

New York,10538

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Transportation:

The city is serviced by the Metro-North and Amtrak railroads and Westchester County's Bee-Line bus service. For more information about the Larchmont Metro-North Station. please click here to visit their website.

Local highways include I-95, the Hutchinson River Parkway "a.k.a. the Hutch", and I-287 is not far away.

About Larchmont, NY:

Larchmont is a village in Westchester County, New York, United States. The population was 6,485 at the 2000 census. As a village, it is located within the town of Mamaroneck. It is located on the shore of the Long Island Sound, about eighteen miles from Midtown Manhattan. Larchmont is served by the New Haven Line of the Metro-North Railroad.

The village of Larchmont contains one of the six schools in the Mamaroneck School District, Chatsworth Avenue School, which was established in 1903. Two of the other schools are in the Village of Mamaroneck, and the other three (two elementary schools and the middle school) are in the unincorporated Town of Mamaroneck.

Originally inhabited by the Siwanoy (an Algonquian tribe), Larchmont was discovered by the Dutch in 1614. By 1720, few Siwanoy remained in the Larchmont area and the land had been largely bought up by British and Dutch settlers. One of Larchmont's ealiest homes, the "Manor House" on Elm Avenue, was originally occupied by Peter Jay Munro. Munro was the nephew to John Jay, the first Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, and was later adopted by Jay. At the beginning of the 19th Century, Munro was active in the Abolitionist movement, helping to found the NY State Manumission Society, along with his uncle and Alexander Hamilton. A Quaker, Munro is also believed to have been involved in the Underground Railroad program. The basement of his house still contains tunnels connecting it to Long Island Sound, half a mile away. It is believed that the Railroad bypassed the bounty hunters in Manhattan in favor of landing points in Larchmont, Rye, and New Rochelle, where the escaped slaves could be transported overland to sympathetic Quakers in Scarsdale and, eventually, Tarrytown. From there, they could be loaded aboard Hudson River transport towards Canada.

Munro's house faced towards the Boston Post Road (the back is now used as the front), which tended to generate a lot of dust in summer months. To combat this, his gardener imported a scottish species of larch trees that were known to be fast growing. These were planted along the front of the property, eventually giving the village its name. The Village of Larchmont was incorporated in 1891.

Before the advent of the automobile, Larchmont was a resort community serving wealthy New York City residents. Many of the Victorian "cottages" and a few of the grand hotels (such as the Bevan House and Manor Inn) remain to this day, though these have been converted to other uses such as private residences. The world-renowned Larchmont Yacht Club still hosts an annual Race Week competition (2007 will mark 110th running of this event). It is adjacent to Manor Park, which was designed by Jeremiah Towle, an early summer resident of Larchmont Manor and an engineer. Although the park has been rumored to have been designed by famous landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, the only evidence of any involvement by Olmsted in Larchmont is a c. 1845 survey map (original found in Village Hall) commissioned by Edward Knight Collins, who at the time owned what later came to be called the Manor. The Larchmont Shore Club (a club near the Larchmont Yacht Club) hosts an annual 'Swim Across America' challenge, across Long Island Sound.

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